Important Questions and their Answers.
WAHEGURU (ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ) is a term most often used in Sikhism to refer to God, the Supreme Being or the creator of all. If we go through various reputed references of Sikh Literature, we find many different meanings of the word "WAHEGURU" given by various scholars supported by their own reasons and logic although the ultimate meaning of the divine word remains the same.
In simple words "WAHEGURU" means ' Wonderful Teacher ' - Wah (in Persian) means wonderful and Guru (from Sanskrit) means teacher.
Some scholars explain it as a combination of three words: "Wah" meaning wonderful, awe inspiring Divine Force, "Gu" means spiritual darkness and "Ru" is the ray of light, brought to eliminate the darkness. Cumulatively "Waheguru" implies "A wondrous Divine light eliminating spiritual darkness".
But, as per the Varan Bhai Gurdas (ਵਾਰਾਂ ਭਾੲੀ ਗੁਰਦਾਸ) the word "WAHEGURU" is composed of the first four letters by which God was known in the four yugs (ages):
V - Vishnu
H - Hari-Krishan
G - Gobind
R - Ram
Following is an excerpt from Varan Bhai Gurdas (Vaar 1, Pauri 49 of 49) about the composition of the word "WAHEGURU" (English Translation by Dr. Sant Singh Khalsa)
੪੯ : ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਮੰਤ੍ਰ
49: Waheguru mantar
ਸਤਿਜੁਗ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਵਾਸਦੇਵ ਵਵਾ ਵਿਸਨਾ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਪਾਵੈ।
सतिजुगि सतिगुर वासदेव ववा विसना नामु जपावै ।
In Satyug, Visnu in the form of Vasudev is said to have incarnated and 'V' Of Vahiguru reminds of Vishnu.
ਦੁਆਪੁਰਿ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਹਰੀ ਕ੍ਰਿਸਨ ਹਾਹਾ ਹਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਜਪਾਵੈ।
दुआपरि सतिगुर हरी क्रिसन हाहा हरि हरि नामु जपावै ।
The true Guru of Dvapar is said to be Harikrishna and 'H' of Vahiguru reminds of Hari.
ਤ੍ਰੇਤੇ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਰਾਮ ਜੀ ਰਾਰਾ ਰਾਮ ਜਪੇ ਸੁਖੁ ਪਾਵੈ।
तेते सतिगुर राम जी रारा राम जपे सुखु पावै ।
In the Treta there was Ram Ji and 'R' of Vahiguru tells that remembering Ram will produce joy and happiness.
ਕਲਿਜੁਗਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਗੁਰ ਗੋਵਿੰਦ ਗਗਾ ਗੋਵਿੰਦ ਨਾਮੁ ਅਲਾਵੈ*।
कलिजुगि नानक गुर गोबिंद गगा गोबिंद नामु अलावै ।
In Kaliyug, Govind is in the form of Nanak and 'G' of Vahiguru gets Govind recited.
ਚਾਰੇ ਜਾਗੇ ਚਹੁ ਜੁਗੀ ਪੰਚਾਇਣ ਵਿਚਿ ਜਾਇ ਸਮਾਵੈ।
चारे जागे चहु जुगी पंचाइण विचि जाइ समावै ।
The recitations of all the four ages subsume in Panchayan i.e. in the soul of the common man.
ਚਾਰੋ ਅਛਰ ਇਕੁ ਕਰਿ ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜਪੁ ਮੰਤ੍ਰ ਜਪਾਵੈ*।
चारो अछर इकु करि वाहगुरू जपु मंत्र जपावै ।
When joining the four letters Vahiguru is remembered
ਜਹਾਂ ਤੇ ਉਪਜਿਆ ਫਿਰਿ ਤਹਾਂ ਸਮਾਵੈ ॥੪੯॥੧॥
जहा ते उपजिआ फिरि तहा समावै ॥४९॥१॥
The jiv merges again in its origin.
P.S.: Varan Bhai Gurdas is the name given to the 40 Varan (Chapters) of writing by Bhai Gurdas Ji. Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru, referred to them as the, “Key to the Sri Guru Granth Sahib”. Bhai Gurdas was a first cousin of Mata Bhani, mother of Guru Arjan Dev. He was the first scribe of Guru Granth Sahib and a scholar of great repute. From his work it's clear that he had mastery of various Indian languages and had studied many ancient Indian religious scriptures.
Alternate Spellings: Waheguroo, Vaheguru, Vahiguru
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